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Severe neurodegenerative syndrome with lipodystrophy

Disease definition

Severe neurodegenerative syndrome with lipodystrophy is a rare, genetic, neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive psychomotor and cognitive regression (manifesting with gait ataxia, spasticity, loss of language, mild to severe intellectual disability, pyramidal and extrapyramidal signs and, frequently, development of tretraplegia or tetraparesis) associated with variable degrees of lipodystrophy, hepatomegaly, hypertriglyceridemia and muscular hypertrophy. Hyperactivity, tremor and development of seizures may also be associated.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Severe neurodegenerative syndrome due to BSCL2 deficiency
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: G31.8
  • OMIM: 615924
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -

Detailed information


  • Clinical practice guidelines
  • English (2016) - J Clin Endocrinol Metab

Disease review articles

ERN : produced/endorsed by ERN(s)
FSMR : produced/endorsed by FSMR(s)
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.