Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

Dystonia-aphonia syndrome

Disease definition

Dystonia-aphonia syndrome is a rare, genetic, persistent combined dystonia disorder characterized by slowly progressive, severe, caudo-rostrally spreading generalized dystonia with prominent facial and oro-mandibular involvement leading to severe anarthria and/or aphonia, swallowing difficulties, and gait disturbances. Additional manifestations include slowed horizontal saccades, subclinical epilepsy, photic myoclonus, oral hypertrophic changes (e.g. gingival or lingual hyperplasia), as well as delayed milestones and cognitive impairment.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal dominant 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Childhood, Adolescent, Adult
  • ICD-10: G24.8
  • OMIM: -
  • UMLS: C5190573
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.