Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

Transient myeloproliferative syndrome

Disease definition

A rare hematologic disease characterized by clinical and morphological findings indistinguishable from those of acute myeloid leukemia, typically occurring in newborns with Down syndrome. Peripheral blood and bone marrow blasts display features suggestive of megakaryoblasts. In addition to trisomy 21, acquired GATA1 mutations are present in blast cells. Patients may be asymptomatic or present with thrombocytopenia, less commonly other cytopenias, leukocytosis, hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, ascites, respiratory distress, bleeding, and pericardial or pleural effusions. Most patients undergo spontaneous remission within the first three months of life, although some may develop life-threatening hepatic, renal, or cardiac complications.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • TMD
    • Transient abnormal myelopoiesis
    • Transient myeloproliferative disease
  • Prevalence: -
  • Inheritance: Not applicable 
  • Age of onset: Antenatal, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: D47.7
  • OMIM: 159595
  • UMLS: C1834582
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 12765
  • MedDRA: -

Detailed information


The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.