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Snakebite envenomation

Disease definition

A rare disorder due to poisoning caused by toxins in the bite of a venomous snake. Envenoming can also be caused by spraying of venom into the eyes. Depending on venom composition and other factors, consequences range from local tissue damage to potentially life-threatening systemic effects. Severe manifestations include paralysis, bleeding disorders, kidney failure, or permanent disability and limb amputation due to severe local tissue destruction. Children may suffer more severe effects because of their lower body mass. Immediate medical attention, in particular administration of antivenom, is critical.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: 1-9 / 100 000
  • Inheritance: Not applicable 
  • Age of onset: All ages
  • ICD-10: T63.0
  • OMIM: -
  • UMLS: C0037379
  • MeSH: D012909
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
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