Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

Incontinentia pigmenti

Disease definition

An X-linked syndromic muti-systemic ectodermal dysplasia presenting neonatally in females with a bullous rash along Blaschko's lines (BL) followed by verrucous plaques and hyperpigmented swirling patterns. It is further characterized by teeth abnormalities, alopecia, nail dystrophy and can affect the retinal and the central nervous system (CNS) microvasculature. It may have other aspects of ectodermal dysplasia such as sweat gland abnormalities. Germline pathogenic variants in males result in embryonic lethality.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Bloch-Siemens syndrome
    • Bloch-Sulzberger syndrome
  • Prevalence: 1-9 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: X-linked dominant 
  • Age of onset: Neonatal
  • ICD-10: Q82.3
  • ICD-11: LD27.00
  • OMIM: 308300
  • UMLS: C0021171
  • MeSH: D007184
  • GARD: 6778
  • MedDRA: 10077624

Detailed information

General public


Disease review articles

Clinical Outcome Assessment (COA)

  • Patient-Centered Outcome Measures (PCOMs)
  • English (2023) - PROQOLIDTM

Genetic Testing

ERN produced/endorsed by ERN(s)   FSMR produced/endorsed by FSMR(s)
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.