Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

TBCK-related intellectual disability syndrome

Disease definition

TBCK-related intellectual disability syndrome is a rare, genetic, syndromic intellectual disability characterized by usually profound intellectual disability with absent speech, severe infantile hypotonia with decreased or absent reflexes, markedly slow motor development (with no progress beyond the ability to sit independently), early-onset epilepsy, strabismus and post-natal onset of progressive brain atrophy (incl. loss of brain volume, ex vacuo ventriculomegaly, dysgenesis of corpus callosum, white matter abnormalities ranging from non-specific changes to leukodystrophy). Swallowing difficulties, respiratory insufficiency, osteoporosis and variable craniofacial dysmorphisms (incl. plagio/brachicephaly, bitemporal narrowing, high-arched eyebrows, high nasal bridge, anteverted nares, high palate, tented upper lip) may constitute additional clinical features.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: -
  • Age of onset: Neonatal, Infancy
  • ICD-10: -
  • OMIM: 616900
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.