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Mitochondrial myopathy-cerebellar ataxia-pigmentary retinopathy syndrome

Disease definition

A rare mitochondrial myopathy characterized by motor developmental delay (in infancy), growth impairment and mostly proximal muscle weakness caused by a muscular dystrophy. Muscle biopsy presents myopathic abnormalities and decreased mtDNA content. Electromyography (EMG) shows a myopathic process and serum creatine kinase is increased. The disease is also characterized by early onset non-progressive cerebellar atrophy (particularly cerebellar vermis and hemispheres), corticospinal tract dysfunction, and global or partial cerebral atrophy on brain MRI. Additionally, some patients presented with cognitive deficiencies, skeletal abnormalities, tremors, and retinopathy.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Mitochondrial myopathy-cerebellar atrophy-pigmentary retinopathy syndrome
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: -
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Adult
  • ICD-10: G71.3
  • OMIM: 617675
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
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