Orphanet: NKX6 2 related autosomal recessive hypomyelinating leukodystrophy

Search for a rare disease

* (*) mandatory field

Other search option(s)

Suggest an update

(*) Required fields.


Only comments seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. For all other comments, please send your remarks via contact us. Only comments written in English can be processed.

Orphanet doesn't provide personalised answers. To get in touch with the Orphanet team, please contact

Information provided in your contribution (including your email address) will be stocked in .CSV files that will be sent as an email to Orphanet's teams. These emails might be conserved in the teams' mailboxes, in our backoffice servers but will not be registered in our databases (for more information see our section General Data Protection Regulation and data privacy (GDPR) and Confidentiality).

Captcha image

NKX6-2-related autosomal recessive hypomyelinating leukodystrophy

Disease definition

A rare leukodystrophy characterized by a spectrum of progressive neurologic manifestations comprising rapidly progressive early-onset nystagmus, spastic tetraplegia, and visual and hearing impairment, resulting in death in early childhood, as well as later onset of slowly progressive complex spastic ataxia with pyramidal and cerebellar symptoms and loss of developmental milestones. Brain imaging shows diffuse hypomyelination of the subcortical and deep white matter, cerebellar atrophy, and diffuse spinal cord volume loss.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • Autosomal recessive hypomyelinating leukodystrophy-progressive spastic ataxia
    • SPAX8
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal recessive 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Childhood
  • ICD-10: E75.2
  • OMIM: 617560
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: -
  • MedDRA: -
The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. The material is in no way intended to replace professional medical care by a qualified specialist and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or treatment.