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Short stature-pituitary and cerebellar defects-small sella turcica syndrome

Disease definition

Short stature-pituitary and cerebellar defects-small sella turcica syndrome is characterised by short stature, anterior pituitary hormone deficiency, small sella turcica, and a hypoplastic anterior hypophysis associated with pointed cerebellar tonsils. It has been described in three generations of a large French kindred. Ectopia of the posterior hypophysis was observed in some patients. The syndrome is transmitted as a dominantly inherited trait and is caused by a germline mutation within the LIM-homeobox transcription factor LHX4 gene (1q25).


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s): -
  • Prevalence: <1 / 1 000 000
  • Inheritance: Autosomal dominant 
  • Age of onset: Infancy, Neonatal
  • ICD-10: E23.0
  • OMIM: 262700
  • UMLS: -
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 10604
  • MedDRA: -
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