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Myelodysplastic syndrome associated with isolated del(5q) chromosome abnormality

Disease definition

A rare myelodysplastic syndrome characterized by macrocytic anemia (with or without other cytopenias and/or thrombocytosis), and with del(5q) occurring either in isolation, or with one other cytogenetic abnormality, other than monosomy 7 or del(7q). The bone marrow is typically hypercellular with erythroid hypoplasia and increased numbers of megakaryocytes, which show non-lobated and hypolobated nuclei. Myeloblasts constitute less than 5% of the nucleated bone marrow cells and less than 1% of the peripheral blood leukocytes. Auer rods are absent. Ring sideroblasts may be observed. Patients present with anemia and often thrombocytosis, while thrombocytopenia or pancytopenia are uncommon. Transformation to acute myeloid leukemia may occur in a small number of patients.


Classification level: Disorder
  • Synonym(s):
    • 5q- syndrome
  • Prevalence: -
  • Inheritance: Not applicable 
  • Age of onset: Adult
  • ICD-10: D46.7
  • ICD-11: 2A36
  • OMIM: 153550
  • UMLS: C1292779
  • MeSH: -
  • GARD: 8723
  • MedDRA: -

Detailed information


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